Thursday, 16 March 2017

Cornish Nationalism: Past - Present and Future

                                                    Image result for kernow flag   

   Cornwall (Kernow in the Celtic Cornish language of Kernewek which is still spoken fluently by around 600 Cornish men, women and children today with several thousands more having a working knowledge of the tongue) is an ancient Celtic land shrouded in mystery and legend in the far south-west of the Britain. Cornwall used to have its own monarchy and the legendary Celtic warrior chief King Arthur is thought to have reigned here in olden times. The last Cornish King, Donyarth died in 875 AD.
   Many Cornish folk are adamant that Kernow is one of the constituent Celtic nations (and not an Anglo-Saxon English "county") along with Cymru (Wales), Alba (Scotland), Mannin (Isle of Man), Eire (Ireland) and Breizh (Brittany), with regions of ethnic Celts in northern Spain and northern Italy. The English King Edward I granted Cornwall her own Stannary Parliament separate from England. (The Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament is a Nationalist organisation with membership open to ethnic Cornish people only). The Duchy Charters of 1337 place the governance of Cornwall with the Duchy of Cornwall not the English Crown.
   "In the early sixteenth century, after half a millennium of English rule, Cornish was still spoken in mid and west Cornwall by possibly as many as 30,000 of Cornwall's 55,000 or so inhabitants. The persistence of this small but vigorous language community underpinned the recognition of Cornwall and the Cornish as a distinct component of the British Isles into the 1500's. The Venetian ambassador to Castile, stranded by adverse weather in Penryn in 1506, dramatically reported that: 'We are...in the midst of a race, so different in language and customs from the Londoners and the rest of England...' This view may have been stimulated by the events of 1497. In that year a Cornish force rose twice against the government. The first epic rising, led by Michael Joseph 'An Gof' and Thomas Flamank reached the very outskirts of London, only to go down to defeat. It was most unusual for 'local' risings to show such strategic purpose as did the Cornish...The ambiguous Cornish status - politically incorporated into the English realm but culturally regarded as a distinct nation - was fatally compromised by the religious Reformation of the sixteenth century and the centralising tendencies of the Tudor state. In the short run this triggered the bloody Cornish uprising of 1549 when, in relative terms, as many Cornish men were killed in a few months, as were French men during the four years of World War One."

- "Mebyon Kernow & Cornish Nationalism" by Bernard Deacon, Dick Cole & Garry Tregidga


                                                                                                                        



   The first stirrings of political Cornish Celtic European Nationalism occurred during the early 20th century with the formation of the Cowethas Kelto-Kernuak (Celtic-Cornish Society) whose objectives were as follows:

1. To preserve from damage and destruction and to study the stone-circles, cromlechs, menhirs, hut circles, beehive dwellings, camps, hill forts, castles, logan and crick stones, crosses, oratories, holy wells, cemeteries, barrows, and inscribed stones.
2. To keep carefully every National Custom and above all the truly Cornish sports of Wrestling and Hurling, by presenting every year a Belt to be contended for by Cornish wrestlers, and inscribed silver Hurling balls to each Parish in the Duchy that will ordain an annual Hurling match on its feast day.
3. To revive the Cornish Language as a spoken tongue, by publishing a grammar and Dictionary of the Language, by printing all Cornish manuscripts not yet printed, by giving prizes for fresh competitions in Cornish, by paying a premium for teaching Cornish to Schoolmasters able to satisfy the Council of their fitness, and also:
4. By reviving the ancient Cornish Miracle Plays and re-establishing the Cornish Gorsedd of the Bards at Boscawen-Un.

   The Tyr ha Tavas (Land and Language) movement was formed in 1932 as "an organisation to unite those persons of Cornish birth or descent who value their Cornish heritage and who desire to maintain the outlook, individualism, culture and idealism that characterises their race so as to pass on the unbroken tradition. The primary aim is service to Cornwall and Cornish people..." with the following policy platform:

a. To preserve in the youth of Cornwall a love and understanding of their country and its history.
b. To encourage an expression in drama, music, art, literature and cultural forms, of the innate Cornish instinct.
c. To encourage the practice of typical Cornish sports.
d. To utilise the Cornish language both as an outward and visible sign of nationality, and as a means of helping Cornish people to realise their essential kinship with other Celtic nations. To show Cornish people what Cornishmen have done and what they can still do to help the world.

   During the midst of the Second World War in 1943, John Legonna, an Oxford University student under the tutelage of the Cornish historian, A.L. Rowse founded a new patriotic organisation called the Young Cornwall Movement to campaign for Cornish Home Rule. The British Intelligence Services, MI5, MI6 and Police Special Branch were at this time monitoring the nationalist movements of the so-called "Celtic fringe" in Scotland, Wales, Cornwall and Ireland due to the fact that prominent officials of National Socialist Germany were known to be sympathetic to such Celtic separatist movements. Saunders Lewis, the Catholic leader of Plaid Cymru - the Welsh Nationalist Party wrote pro-Fascist, pro-Peace and allegedly "anti-Semitic" articles, and key figures in the Scottish National Party such as pre-war SNP leader Arthur Donaldson,  the Scottish Nationalist poet Hugh MacDiarmid and wartime leader of the SNP, Douglas Young supported European Fascism, National Socialism and Peace with Germany, Italy and the Axis Powers. Lewis Spence was a mystically-inclined Scottish ethno-nationalist and W.B. Yeats, the famous Irish poet wrote songs for the quasi-fascist Irish Blueshirts, which were led by Eoin O' Duffy, a former member of the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence, who led 700 Irish volunteers to fight on the side of the Nationalists against the Communists during the Spanish Civil War. The founder and leader of the Irish Sinn Fein (Ourselves Alone), Arthur Griffith opposed Communism, International Socialism and Jewish immigration into Ireland, and the IRA chief-of-staff, Sean Russell actively sought an Irish-German Alliance during the late 1930's and during the War, to free the whole island of Ireland from English Imperialist rule (not because the IRA were "Nazis" but based upon the popular Irish Nationalist saying that "England's difficulty is Ireland's opportunity". However, it should also be noted that individual IRA members had previously fought on the side of the Socialists, Communists, Marxists and Anarchists during the Spanish Civil War. Clearly, Irish Republicans were willing to co-operate with anyone from opposite sides of the political spectrum, if it would achieve their goal of a United Ireland). The Breton National Party and the Breton Social-National Workers' Movement were also pro-Fascist and pro-National Socialist, and the Bezen Perrot was a Breton Nationalist and anti-Communist volunteer unit during WWII, led by Celestin Laine who escaped Allied vengeance and French Communist Partisan reprisals by successfully claiming political asylum in neutral Ireland after the War (see the books "The Fascist Party in Wales? Plaid Cymru, Welsh Nationalism and the Accusation of Fascism" by Richard Wyn Jones, "Fascist Scotland: Caledonia and the Far Right" by Gavin Bowd, "Architects of the Resurrection: Ailtiri na hAiseirghe and the Fascist 'New Order' in Ireland" by R.M. Douglas, "Arthur Griffith" by Brian Maye, "Sinn Fein: A Hundred Turbulent Years" by Brian Feeney, "The Secret Army - The IRA" by J. Bowyer Bell, "The Irish Blueshirts" by Keith Thompson, "Bretons Against France: Ethnic Minority Nationalism in Twentieth-Century Brittany" by Jack E. Rice and "Le Bezen Perrot: 1944, des nationalistes bretons sous l'uniforme allemand" by Kristian Hamon. When the Anglo-Irish former Conservative, Independent, Labour, New Party MP, Government Minister and British Fascist leader, Sir Oswald Mosley formed the post-fascist Union Movement in 1948 after what he termed the "European Brother's War", he wrote a pamphlet which was controversial in Ulster Unionist Loyalist circles but which proved popular among Irish members of UM living in Britain entitled "Ireland's Right to Unite when entering European Union". During the 1930's, Mosley's newspaper "Action" had included adverts for "Social Justice" the magazine of the Christian Front - National Union for Social Justice, which was led by the Irish-Canadian Catholic Priest, Father Charles Coughlin who preached fiery sermons against War and Usury on the radio and at mass rallies in America. Due to controversy over their similar views, Mosley was interned without charge or trial under Regulation 18B from 1940-1943 and Fr. Coughlin was silenced by the hierarchy of the Catholic Church. SNP leader Arthur Donaldson was also detained by British State authorities along with nearly 1,000 Mosleyites for supporting a Scottish Nationalist-German Alliance and Peace with the New Germany).

   On Saturday 6th January 1951, a historic meeting took place at Oates' Temperance Hotel in Redruth to launch a new Cornish Nationalist political organisation called Mebyon Kernow (Sons of Cornwall). It was agreed at the inaugural meeting of MK that membership "be open to all Cornish people everywhere", reflecting the original ethnic-nationalist founding principles of the movement. The society adopted the emblem of the Celtic Cross St Piran's flag of Cornwall (a white cross on a black banner). The eight points of the ethnic-nationalist MK were:

1. To maintain the Celtic character of Cornwall and its right to self-government in domestic affairs.
2. To study local conditions and attempt to remedy any that may be prejudicial to the best interests of Cornwall by the creation of informed public opinion or other appropriate means.
3. To press that Cornish men and women should be given preference in appointments to Cornish jobs, other factors being equal.
4. To foster the Cornish Language, Literature, Culture and Sport.
5. To encourage the study of Cornish History from a Cornish point of view.
6. To demand that Cornish children have the opportunity, in school, to learn about their own Land, Language and Culture.
7. To co-operate with all societies concerned with maintaining the character of Cornwall.
8. To co-operate, as far as may be practicable, with similar organisations in other countries, with the Federal Union of European Nationalities (F.U.E.N.) and the Celtic League.


                                                            
                                                                               

   "Mebyon Kernow (Sons of Cornwall), the current Cornish nationalist organization, grew out of a movement called 'Tyr ha Tavas' (Land and Language) which was founded in the early 1920s by a group of Cornish intellectuals whose primary purpose was to promote Cornish culture...In 1951, the organization was revived under the name Mebyon Kernow and was given a much stronger political bias. Its long-term goal...is self-government in local affairs within a federated United Kingdom. It would like to see Cornwall be given the same status as Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man - complete with its own 'Cuntelles Kernow' (Cornish Assembly). Its claim for control over its own affairs is based on the belief that Cornwall has a Celtic character that makes it distinctly different from the Anglo-Saxon counties to the north. Because it is treated as just another English county, Mebyon Kernow feels that: CORNWALL is neglected by the London Government, and will never prosper until Cornish People can control their own domestic affairs. A Regional Government, based on Gloucester or Bristol, will not improve matters for Cornwall. WE...have a Celtic origin that affects our thoughts and way of life to the present day. We are uniquely placed to maintain our distinctiveness and thereby be led naturally into opposition to outside control. Co-operation in local communities, not class warfare, is what Mebyon Kernow seeks to promote. Its short-term goals, all of which are incorporated under the slogan 'Cornwall for the Cornish', include 'the retention of things Cornish' particularly its language, its historical monuments...the preservation of Celtic blood...despite English incursions into Cornwall...Mebyon Kernow is a member of two organizations through which it hopes eventually to achieve control over its own affairs. One of them is called the Federal Union of European Nationalities which was founded (during 1949 with Headquarters in Flensburg, Germany) to take up the problems of national minority groups...The second organization is the Celtic League of which there are...six member groups: Breton, Cornish, Irish, Manx (Isle of Man), Scottish, and Welsh."

- "The British Political Fringe" by George Thayer (1965)

   Cornish clannish cultural associations with membership restricted to people of ethnic Cornish descent were formed outside Cornwall in London, England and overseas in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, Rhodesia, America and elsewhere. Mebyon Kernow was originally organised as a political pressure group and any Cornish people who agreed with its aims and objectives could join the movement, subject to approval by the MK leadership, regardless of which political party in Cornwall they were a member of. Thus, David Mudd (once a Conservative MP) and Andrew George (later a Liberal Democrat MP) were once members of Mebyon Kernow in the past. However, by the early 1970's, MK had evolved into a fully-fledged political party in its own right and dual membership of other parties active in Cornwall was proscribed to MK members. Mebyon Kernow still contests local and parliamentary elections today, and the Party currently has several elected local councillors but no Members of the United Kingdom Parliament at the time of writing.
   During the February and October 1974 General Elections, Dr James Whetter, Editor of the Mebyon Kernow monthly journal "Cornish Nation" fought the Truro city seat as the official MK candidate, pledging to cut "non-Cornish overspill and immigration", "unhealthy dependence on tourism" and for "better housing, wages and incomes in the interests of the Cornish people our kith and kin". He polled several hundred votes on each occasion but the MK tally was squeezed by the Liberal Party candidate David Penhaligon, who cynically played the "patriotic Cornish" card to win over Cornish Nationalist voters who sympathised with MK, but who didn't think they could win. Electoral success at the parliamentary level has so far eluded Cornish Nationalists.
   During the early 1970's,, tensions between the ethnic-nationalist and civic-nationalist wings of the Party boiled over into open rancour and conflict when a motion to restrict MK membership to "ethnic Cornish folk only who can trace their lineage back several hundred years" was narrowly defeated. 


                                                         Image result for mebyon kernow cartoons



                                                           
                                                         



"In 1974, the year of two General Elections, Dr James Whetter contested Truro for MK. In the first election he obtained 815 votes...By the end of the year there was disagreement between the National Executive and Dr James Whetter, editor of the Cornish Nation, over the large amount of space he was giving to the Irish difficulties. In 1975 he formed the second Cornish Nationalist Party. 'The Cornish Nation' magazine struggled on for some years..."

- "40 Years of Mebyon Kernow" by R. Jenkin

Dr James Whetter and 600 of his supporters resigned from the 4,000 strong Mebyon Kernow during 1975 in frustration at MK's lack of electoral campaigning and launched the rival Cornish Nationalist Party (CNP), which adopted the symbol of a Celtic Cross and the Excalibur sword of King Arthur. The CNP bitterly attacked MK at the time as "Public Enemy No. 1", "quislings" and "dolls in the hands of the Westminster Government."

https://dspace.cuni.cz/bitstream/handle/20.500.11956/27334/DPTX_2008_2_11230_0_266374_0_86508.pdf?sequence=1


https://www.spectator.co.uk/2017/06/duchy-original-cornish-national-consciousness-gets-stronger-by-the-year/

                                                               
                                                                                
                                                                               


    SUPPORT THE CORNISH NATIONALIST PARTY - AN PARTY KENETHLEGEK KERNOW

   The Cornish Nationalist Party fights for the right of all Cornish people in Cornwall to have a greater say in the affairs that affect them. We are opposed to decisions being taken by bureaucrats in London, Bristol or Plymouth relating to our land and over which we have no control. The problems of all Cornish men and women who live in Cornwall are our concern. We all suffer from the government's lack of interest and misgovernment.

AIMS

1. To look after the interests of the Cornish people.
2. To preserve and enhance the identity of Kernow, an essentially Celtic identity.
3. To achieve self-government for Kernow.

OBJECTIVES

1. Better job prospects for Cornish people.
2. Reduction of unemployment.
3. The protection of the self-employed and small businessman in Cornwall.
4. Cheaper housing and priority for Cornish people.
5. Controls over tourism from inside Cornwall and the improvement in the quality of tourist amenities.
6. Improved transport facilities in Cornwall with greater scope for private enterprise to operate.
7. Protection of Cornish natural resources, including offshore resources.
8. Conservation of the Cornish landscape, culture and identity. Courses on Cornish language and history should be made available in schools for those who want them.
9. Recognition of the Cornish flag and the retention of the Tamar border with England.
10. A far greater say in government for all Cornish people (by referenda if necessary) and the decentralisation of considerable powers to a Cornish Nation within a United Europe - special links being established with our Celtic brothers and sisters in Wales, Scotland, Isle of Man, Ireland and Brittany.

 - CNP Policy Statement (1975)

                                                                        
                                                                                                                         
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   Dr James Whetter and the leader of the CNP Youth Movement, Wallace Simmons caused considerable media hysteria and hostility from MK, when they formed a militant paramilitary-style wing during 1977 called the Cornish Greenshirts, whose members wore a political uniform of dark green military shirts, grey trousers and green berets when stewarding indoor CNP meetings. A CNP Greenshirt march during 1977 in Camborne was banned by the authorities in Cornwall. Likewise,  the activities of the Cornish Blackshirts during the 1930's were curtailed by the powers that be - the Cornish Union of Fascists were led by a former Royal Navy Rear-Admiral, Commander William Ernest Russell Martin who was born in Devon of Cornish descent. (See the article: "When Fascists foregathered in Saltash Square" - "Saltash & District Observer" March 2011, issue No. 224 and the book "Blackshirts in Devon" by Todd Gray which includes the little known history of Fascism in Cornwall). Rear-Admiral Martin had previously been appointed the Cornwall County Commander of the British Fascisti, which was founded during the early 1920's by Rotha Lintorn Orman, and he had visited Fascist Italy after being invited by Mussolini to attend the International Fascist Symposium, as the official representative of the BF. Rear-Admiral Martin eventually left the BF's and joined Sir Oswald Mosley's new British Union of Fascists founded in 1932. The Cornish Blackshirts had active branches in Bodmin, Bude, Camborne, Falmouth, Helston, Liskeard, Penzance, Redruth, St Austell, Truro, St Mawgan-in-Pydar, Launceston and in several other towns and villages. The Cornish Blackshirts held well attended indoor meetings and outdoor rallies attended by as many as 200-300 local Cornish folk at each activity, which was impressive for such small towns, villages and rural communities. The Cornish Fascists canvassed for support among Cornish people door to door with recruitment leaflets, and sold the Fascist newspapers "The Blackshirt" and "Action" on the streets. There was also a proto-fascist British Union of Farmers active in Kernow which co-operated with the Cornish Branches of Mosley's BUF in resistance to the imposition of taxes and the confiscation of Cornish farms by the authorities during the "Tithe War", and whose members challenged the monopoly of the National Farmers' Union. 

                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                


https://www.stevenbooks.co.uk/fascism-and-nationalism-in-cornwall-1924-2017

   The problem of Anti-Semitism in the English East End of London was not an issue in Cornwall during the pre-War years due to Kernow's tiny Jewish population, which kept itself largely separate according to Jewish Old Testament Law (Deuteronomy chapter 7 verses 1-6) from the majority indigenous Gentile-Christian Celtic Cornish. There was little heckling, Red opposition and violence at Cornish Blackshirt Movement meetings due to the fact that the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) found little support in Cornwall, and so was unable to organise street fights and riots, even if they wanted to. During the 1950's, Mosley's post-fascist newspaper "UNION" carried adverts that read "Fight Communism in Cornwall! Join Mosley's Union Movement" inviting Cornish supporters to write for further information to a box number at UM Headquarters. During the 1970's, G.R. Jenkin published a Cornish National Socialist journal called "National Observer". However,  "British Fascism/British Nationalism" is now dead and obsolete - our own struggle here in Kernow is for Cornish Nationalism and National Democracy.
   Dr Whetter contested the 1979 and 1983 General Elections in Cornwall for the CNP, and he stood in the European Parliamentary Elections during 1984 for the Cornwall and Plymouth seat as a "Cornish and European Nationalist" candidate polling 1,892 votes. 



                                                     Image result for cornish rebellion of 1497                                                                                                                             
                                                                


   The CNP is still active and Party Leader, Androw Hawke is a local councillor at the Cornish Community Council (parish) level. Dr Whetter published a new Cornish Nationalist journal entitled "An Baner Kernewek" ("The Cornish Banner") after the 1975 split which produced racially conscious articles and cartoons, and he remains the CNP President and Editor of ABK today, which has a wide circulation in Cornwall and overseas among Cornish Nationalists, Cornish Christians and Cornish Pagans (previous issues have included articles supporting the Native American Indians and the Crimean Tatar Muslim anti-Communists).
                                                                              

                                                                      




                                                    




"Dear Dr. Whetter,
Over the past two months, many protests have been made against the wearing of the green shirts of the C.N.P. I have known Wally Simmons the public relations officer of the C.N.P. for many years, and can truthfully say his intentions for the future of Celtic Kernow is an honourable and just one. He is a man that has the courage of his own convictions, why then is Mebyon Kernow afraid to stand up and be counted? Someone has got to make the Anglo-Saxons sit up and take notice of Kernow's cry for self-government, the C.N.P. have struck the first blow. We can only hope that 1977 will bring its just rewards. (Letter by Vic Acheson)...I hoped to see you while I was in Cornwall over Christmas but expected you would be too busy yourself. I intended to see you at the CNP rally in Trafalgar Square but unfortunately missed that. The formation of the Greenshirts was causing a furore during the time in Cornwall. However, I see nothing wrong in them. I believe the Co-operative Youth Movement wears uniforms and they are an integral part of the Labour Party. It seems ridiculous that the establishment complains of the lack of interest in politics and then shriek when any attempt is made to brighten them up. No wonder people are disillusioned with Westminster politicians. The CNP would be wise to co-operate with rising new forces rather than pay heed to the protests of the dying parties of the past. The CNP is a hopeful new force. The attempts by the Attorney General, Sam Silkin, to condone the breaking of the law by the postal workers is rather alarming I should imagine for organisations like the CNP which are often branded as "Fascist" simply because they are Nationalist. This is by no means the first time that Silkin has done this. For years a Zionist organisation has been distributing vast amounts of slanderous literature wherever the National Front have stood in elections. None of this has the printers name or any other. At last the NF got evidence of who was doing it but the Attorney General, none other than our old friend soapy Sam, decided that no action can be taken - which means that the law continues to be broken with impunity. It just so happens that Silkin is himself a Zionist and writes articles sometimes in the "Jewish Chronicle". A similar case is Eric Moonman, the Labour M.P. who is campaigning against Devolution. He also is a fanatical Zionist who also writes frequently in the "Jewish Chronicle". It is odd that Zionists, who are Jewish Nationalists should be so fanatically hostile to nationalism on the part of anyone else. I see that a Jewish organisation is at present threatening to take the Minister of Education before the International Courts for not providing out of state funds more Jewish schools where Jewish children can be segregated and taught Hebrew and about Israel. (Name and Address supplied)." 

- "An Baner Kernewek"/"The Cornish Banner" (Readers' Letters Page) Merth (March) 1977 (this issue also features reports and photographs of the joint Cornish Nationalist Party/English National Party rally in Trafalgar Square, Central London).

www.theroselandinstitute.co.uk/html/cornish_banner_publications.html

   Wallace Simmons eventually left the CNP and formed his own hardline racial-nationalist Cornish Front (CF) which sought links with the National Front - the Cornish NF contested parliamentary seats in Cornwall during the 1979 General Election, and launched a "Keep Cornwall White" campaign in the midst of the Padstow "Darkie Days" controversy during the 1990's - when the locals "blacked up" as Negro Minstrels to raise money for charity (as reported in "The Sunday Independent" newspaper):



    Mr Simmons recently resurfaced in the Cornish media when he attacked homosexual propaganda being taught in schools to Cornish children:

www.cornwalllive.com/new-truro-faith-school-teach-gay-nonsense/story-16787807-detail/story.html

www.falmouthpacket.co.uk/news/9907642.New_Camborne_Catholic_School_hits_back_after_anti_gay_press_storm/

    The bitter rivalry between the CNP and MK raged in the letters pages of the local Cornish newspapers and in "CARN" - The Celtic League magazine during the late 1970's, with each side accusing the other of being "Fascists", "Neo-Nazis", "Racialists", "Marxists", "Communists", "Trotskyists" and "IRA sympathisers". (The Celtic League still has its critics today who allege that the CL's founders were "anti-Semitic". Alan Heusaff was the co-founder of the Celtic League in 1961 and he had volunteered in the Breton Bezen Perrot during the War). In addition, MK was critical of its "right-wing" rivals such as the An Gof National Party (AGNP) and "An Kenethlor" ("The Nationalist") magazine. An underground paramilitary organisation called the An Gof - Cornish Military Movement threatened MK officials for being alleged "Marxist, Communist and Trotskyist infiltrators and usurpers of the Cornish Nationalist Movement", and An Gof volunteers claimed responsibility for bomb attacks, arson, vandalism and anti-English graffiti (similar to that carried out by Meibion Glyndwr, Free Wales Army and the Scottish National Liberation Army in the past. Surprisingly, the radical "Political Soldier" wing of the mainly English NF made common cause with such militant Celtic Nationalist groups during the 1980's). The An Gof/Cornish National Liberation Army/Kernow National Liberation Army/Cornish Liberation Army/Cornish Republican Army claim to have around 30 members of their "Active Service Units" - clearly modelled on militant Irish Nationalist Republican dissident paramilitary groups such as the Continuity IRA and Real IRA (widely believed to be the armed wings of the political movements - Republican Sinn Fein and the 32 County Sovereignty Movement) who refused to lay down their weapons after the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement was signed between the British and Irish governments. Since threatening to firebomb the Cornwall-based restaurants of the foreign celebrity chefs Rick Stein and Jamie Oliver back in 2007, and graffiti directed against mainly English incomer and overseas students in Penryn during 2009, nothing much more has been reported about the activities of the AG/CNLA/KNLA/CLA/CRA. In 2008, the Asian Islamic Community Centre in Quenchwell Road, Carnon Downs, a few miles from Truro was attacked on several occasions and slogans including "Free Cornwall", "No Mosques Wanted Here" and "Leave Now" were painted on the walls. (The Cornish National Movement does not support political violence, terrorism, racial hatred and religious bigotry which can only harm the legitimate cause of Cornish Nationalism at the ballot box, and we have no connection to such militant direct action groups. The CNM seeks to Free Cornwall for the native indigenous Celtic Cornish people by legal political activity only).

http://www.cornwalllive.com/event-at-truro-islamic-centre-for-refugees-to-combat-huge-rise-in-hate-crime/story-30299930-detail/story.html

http://lancasteruaf.blogspot.co.uk/2008/06/racism-rears-its-ugly-head-in-cornwall.html

   I conclude this article with an interesting quote from Dr James Whetter's book " A Celtic Tomorrow: Essays in Cornish Nationalism" (MK Publications 1973):


                                                                     
                                                                 



   "The experience of the Hitler era has made race a taboo word in civilised circles since. This seems a pity because that peoples of the world have differing physical characteristics is obvious enough and scientifically conducted research into such differences, their impact on people's outlooks, behaviour one would think they can only be of benefit to humanity. Just as there are major physical differences between peoples, white, black, brown and yellow skinned races for instance, so there are less distinctive differences...a certain amount of segregation between Cornish and non-Cornish seems to be occurring in communities, social activities. Until our aims are achieved I feel such segregation should be encouraged...From personal observation I seem to discern three main types of Cornishmen. First are the tallish, well-built individuals, brown hair, sometimes blondish, fair skins, generally blue eyes, oval, pear-shaped heads. Farmers, country folk in central and eastern Kernow. Second stocky, solidly built men and women with large round heads, often with receding foreheads. Farmers often also - in pockets through the land. Third black haired men and women, short to middling stature, swarthy complexions, sometimes slight of build. Blue and brown eyes. Localised in fishing villages around the east of Kernow and forming quite a large proportion of the population in west Kernow."

http://bibliotheque.idbe-bzh.org/data/cle_50/Celtic_Tomorrow_Essays_in_Cornish_Nationalism.pdf
   In modern times, Mebyon Kernow is now a self-confessed "progressive left-of-centre" party while the Cornish Nationalist Party is described on Wikipedia as "cultural nationalist" and "right-wing", and that "while the CNP is not a racist organisation, there was a perceived image problem from the similarly-styled BNP and NF (the nativist British National Party and National Front)." During 2013, a UKIP candidate in the Cornwall Council elections, Sue Bowen was disowned by Nigel Farage's former party, after it was discovered that she used to be a member of not only Mebyon Kernow but the British National Party as well. (Sue Bowen is thought to have moved to live in self-imposed exile in Lancashire, England at least until the media furore over her past blows over). In 2016, Truro MK councillor and pro-Palestinian activist, Lance Dyer was suspended temporarily by Dick Cole, the leader of MK for questioning certain aspects of 20th century history on Twitter, and MK has condemned Cornish "racism", while the CNP has called for tougher controls on non-Cornish immigration into our Cornish homeland. (However, MK do occasionally make a protest against "second homes"). Likewise, Sinn Fein, Plaid Cymru and the Scottish National Party have attacked Irish, Welsh and Scottish "racism" while groups such as the Celtic People's Party of Ireland are opposed to non-Irish and non-European immigration, and the Scottish Siol nan Gaidheal (Seed of the Gaels) are ethnic-nationalist, like Mebyon Kernow used to be at one time in the distant past, but are now caused acute embarrassment when reminded of this "politically incorrect" fact of Cornish political history. The Manx Mec Vannin (Sons of the Isle of Man) and the National Party of Ireland campaign against immigration and the Cymru Sovereign Party stand for an Independent Wales and immigration control. The Adsav (Revival) Breton People's Party use the slogan "Bretagne pour les Bretons" ("Brittany for the Bretons") just as the Cornish National Movement use the slogan "Cornwall for the Cornish".
   Mebyon Kernow and the Cornish Nationalist Party seek power through the ballot box, while the Cornish National Movement is organised as a pressure group seeking to influence rank-and-file Cornish Nationalists and the wider Cornish public, through online propaganda, leaflet distribution, meetings and other activities. Nevertheless, members and supporters of the CNM are encouraged to contest elections in Cornwall as Independent candidates to advance our political programme. The SnG have stated that the real struggle for a Scottish National Revolution will begin when the SNP win Independence for Scotland in the future and we believe that this will inevitably lead to Welsh Independence, an English Nation separate from an obsolete UK, a United Ireland and yes, Cornish Independence too. When that day dawns, we in the CNM will be ready to fight for a true Cornish National Revolution.

KERNOW KENSA! KERNOW BYS VYKEN!


Tristan Bolitho


   




1 comment:

  1. It's true that most Brit Nationalists are anti-Irish but Oswald Mosley was not. https://www.oswaldmosley.com/irelands-right-to-unite/

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